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March 1, 1947     Jewish News
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March 1, 1947
 

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NORFOLK J. C. C. NEWS Pa~e | Morgenthau Outlines 12-Point Relief and Rehabilitation Program of United Jewish Appeal Drive a In his first conference with national leaders since his elec- tion as General Chairman of the $170,000,000 United Jew- ish Appeal campaign, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., former Sec- retary of the Treasury pre- sent an outline of twelve ma- jor objectives that must be achieved in 1947 to provide for the relief, rehabilitation and resettlement of the Jewish survivors of Iiitlerism in Eur- * ope. Mr. Morgenthau called upon all Americans regardless of race, creed or color to share * in "this life-saving and life- rebuilding endeavor w h i c h represents a major factor in the building of a better world of freedom and peace for all mankind." Please Pay Your Pledges We have received an urgent request from the United Jewish Appeal for funds. We h av e been sending them money as quckly as we receive it from our contributors. The need overseas is so great that the U. J. A. has had to borrow against alocations of 1946 in order to meet its life saving obligations. If you have not already paid your pledge, will you help by sending your pay- ment now to the Jewish Community Council, 526 Dickson Bldg. Your aid in this respect will be greatly appreciated. Declaring that "unless we hclp them now to emerge from o the misery and uncertainty of the post-war period, the first victims of Hitler will have lost their struggle for freedom and peace, "Mr. Morgenthau listed the following urgent objec- tives of the campaign: 1. Relief and rehabilitation of large sections of the Jewish survivors in Poland, Rumania . and IIungary,. 2. Supplen entary food, re- training and preparation for emigration for 250,000 Jewish displaced persons in Germany, " Austriaand Italy. 3. Medical c a r e, education and rehabilitation of most of 170,000 remaining Jewish chil- dren in Europe. 4. Emigration a s s i s tance for homeless Jews who can , be admitted to Palestine, the United States and other coun- tries. 5. Large-scale shipment of medicines, clothing, food and other s u p p 1 i e s to distress areas in Europe. 6. Medical assistance a n d maintenance for newly arrived refugees in Palestine (Under present regulations 1,500 refu- gees are permitted to enter Palestine each month). 7. Retraining and rehabili- tation of former inmates of concentration c a m p s who reach Palestine. 8. The acquisition of land in Palestine for the expansion of Jewish settlement and agri- cultural development. 9. The establishment of new rural settlements in Palestine and the development of new opportunities for the absorp- tion of large masses of Jewish immigrants from Europe. 10. Financial assistance to refugees who find a haven in the United States to help them during the initial period of ad- justment of American life. 11. Itelp for Jewish chil- dren, many of them orphans, who are coming to the United States from displaced persons camps. 12. Resettlement, r e train- ing and integration aid for newcomers to this country. ORT and J. D. C. to Unify Activities Join In Program of Vocational Training for European Survivors An intensified program of rehabilitation through voca- tional training for Europe's surviving Jews became a cer- tainty with an announcement that the Joint Distribution Committee and the World ORT Union would unify their activi- ties in this field during 1947. Under the new arrangement ORT (Organization for Re- habilitation Through Train- ing) a group with sixty-seven years of experience in the vo- cational training field in all parts of the world, will operate and administer the program. At present ORT has 422 train- ing programs in Europe and JDC has 235. Financed Through U. J. A. Financing of the program will be carried on by JDC with funds alocated and raised through the United Jewish Appeal, which this year is seeking a record total of $170,- 000,000. Plans call for an ap- propriation of about $2,000,- 000 for the combined JDC- II AMERICAN JEWISH CONGRESS EDITOR'S NOTE: We have asked the several beneficiary agen- cie of the United Jewish Fund to give us a brief statement of their work. The following article on the American Jewish Congress is the second in the series which we are presenting to our readers. The American Jewish Congress in its present form was organized in 1922 by groups and individuals who felt the necessity for a permanent Jewish body, organized on a wide basis of popular participation. Its purposes, as formulated in the constitution, are extremely broad, covering all aspects of American Jewish communal work. In practice, the Congress is primarily a civic-protective agency. It also includes, how- ever, general information services and a foreign affairs pro- gram. Its work is conducted through its several departments. Commission on Community Interrelations. The CCI is engaged in a long-term program of research in the field of inter-group conflict. This program is based on the belief that intelligent action against anti-Semitims will be possible only when the problem has been studied by the most modern techniques in the social sciences and when action methods of dealing with group tensions are employed as part of the process of fact-finding itself. Commission on Law and Social Action. The activities of this Commission encompass research into the nature and extent of discrimination, both generally and in specific in- stances, and utilization of legal, legislative and governmental means to combat discrimination in education, employment, housing, etc. Recently the Congress recommended the adop- tion of a model program by all state legislatures as follows: 1. Fair employment legislation; 2. Legislation to end dis- criminatory practices in schools and universities; 3. Legisla- tion to outlaw the enforcement of housing agreements which discriminate against minority groups ; 4. Legislation to outlaw dissemination of group libel. Office of Jewish Information. Established early in 1946, this office provides information on Jewish affairs on the basis that "American Jewry cannot confront its own problems intel- ligently nor adequately discharge its responsibility to world Jewry until it has created channels of information through which the facts of Jewish life can be presented in their totality and proper perspective. Lack of knowledge has only too frequently rendered the Jewish people impotent in its struggle for survival. The OJI publishes Congress Weekly and a pamphlet series entitled Jewish Affairs; a weekly press ser- vice, "0. J. Items"; a monthly wall newspaper in graphic form, "News of the Month"; a qttarterly, Jewish Affairs Documen- tary Service. Institute of Jewish Affairs. Assembles data and formu- lates programs in relation to demands for Jewish rights. The material gathered by this arm of the Congress has been used by many governments and agencies for gttidance in the vast task of Jewish rehabilitation and reconstruction. World Jewish Congress. In fifty-three countries through- out the world, official affiliated organiations of the World Jewish Congress protect the social, political, economic and cultural status of Jewry. These affiliates of the World Jewish Congress act in the name ot the citizens of the specific country instead of as an outside body. Outside of the United States, the World Jewish Congress also conducts or participates in programs of relief supplies, child care, immigration and loca- tion of relations, and educational and cultural rehabilitation. ORT operations in 1947. Spokesmen for both organ- izations predicted that the uni- fication set-up would result in an appreciable extention of the vocational training program previously carried on indepen- dently. Tools, raw materials and instructors on a large scale will be supplied to Jewish artisans and craftsmen as well as to untrained persons. Another aspect of the unifi- cation agreement is that ORT will carry on no fund raising of its own in the United States this year. Itowever, this does not prevent the World ORT Union from raising money out- side this country. The organ- ization is calling upon all American J e w s who gave time, effort and financial as- sistance to the ORT program in former years to transfer this aid to the campaign of the United Jewish Appeal in 1947.